Croatia contended that Serbia was responsible for breaches of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide committed in Croatia between 1991 and 1995. In its counter-claim, Serbia contended that Croatia was itself responsible for breaches of the Convention committed in 1995 in the “ Republika Srpska Krajina”, an entity established in late 1991.
It is a lengthy judgment (146 pages / 524 paragraphs) and reveals much of the horror of the conflict. The court first decided (11 judges to 6) that its jurisdiction to entertain Croatia's claim extended to before 27th April 1992. The court then decided (15 to 2) to reject Croatia's claim and unanimously dismissed Serbia's counter claim.